Global Forest Commons for Local Communities as a Way to Fight Global Climate Change? by Mucahid Mustafa Bayrak
The ways how the world’s forests are governed have seen two significant trends over the past two decades. First of all, decentralization and devolution allowed communities and households to manage forests through so-called community-based forest management (CBFM). Governments realized that bottom-up ways of managing the forests were often more effective than top-down ways. Hence, CBFM initiatives were becoming more and more abundant in countries with a sizeable forest cover (Agrawal et al. 2008).